As lockdown restrictions are gradually eased businesses will be preparing to increase their activity.
But how many of them will emerge as very different organisations from the ones they were at the start of the pandemic?
Some have already changed their offering or target markets to meet the changed conditions, like the marquee rental company that pivoted to offering equipment to clients needing extra space for temporary canteens, classrooms or even warehouses.
The pandemic has forced many businesses to look more closely at their offerings, their processes and the way they work for the longer term.
These already include including switching to using remote working and intending to continue wherever possible, thereby reducing both their office space and their overheads. Manufacturers are likely to automate production lines and introduce AI and robotics.
There will be more investment in internet-based technology, remote staff surveillance to cloud storage and enhanced security systems.
Economists argue that all these changes could lead to a significant rise in productivity after years of being sluggish.
There will also be more investment in R and D and in training and re-skilling staff to be competent in managing new processes.